Water Treatment Plant

Water Treatment Plant 2018-02-14T13:57:23+00:00

Water Treatment Plant

General Information

The Harrodsburg Water Treatment Plant was originally constructed in 1956 at its current location of 3025 Shakertown Road.  The source of water for Harrodsburg is above Lock 7 of the Kentucky River and below the confluence of Dix River.  The plant was upgraded in 1980 to produce 4.0 MGD (Million Gallons per Day); including a new River Intake Pumping Station, a new raw water main, along with new finished water mains into the distribution system.  The plant was designed as a “high rate conventional treatment” facility.

With continued growth in Mercer County and Harrodsburg, the plant was once again upgraded in 2012 to its current treatment capacity of 6.0 MGD.  The project included a new filtration building with two additional filters, a new chemical storage building, a new coagulation and sedimentation basin, and a new high service and backwash pump station atop a new 600,000-gallon clearwell.  The latest upgrade has been to improve the computer-controlled instrumentation system, called SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) in 2016.  The system allows operators to monitor and control a multitude of treatment parameters via PC or smartphone.

Harrodsburg Water Treatment Plant currently provides water to the City of Harrodsburg, the City of Burgin, Lake Village Water District and North Mercer Water District for a total of nearly 26,000 residents.  Our distribution system consists of over 100 miles of water lines, three 750,000 to 1-Million-gallon water tanks, over 4200 water meters and 450 fire hydrants.

Facility and Operations

Harrodsburg’s water treatment plant consists of a conventional turbidity removal facility that utilizes chemical coagulation and mechanical flocculation, settling and filtration to remove suspended particles from raw water.

Raw Water Intake – Untreated water is gravity fed from one of two intake silos from Kentucky River, which is then pumped into the River Station via submersible pumps.  Water is then pumped nearly 250 vertical feet to the plant for treatment by one of two vertical turbine pumps at a rate of 4100 gallons per minute (GPM).

Chemical Mix Basin – The raw water enters a high energy flash mixing basin where it is treated with several chemicals for a variety of purposes.  The primary coagulant, added to aid in the removal of fine suspended solids, is a poly-aluminum chloride.  The coagulant increases particle size and weight and improves gravity settling prior to filtration.

Powder Activated Carbon may also be fed seasonally to aid in the removal of organics and algae, reducing taste and/or odor, disinfection by-products (DBP’s), and Total Organic Carbons (TOC’s) precursors.

Chlorine gas is used to disinfect the raw water before and after filtration, as it contains one of the best residual safeguards in the distribution system.  The treated water then flows in a serpentine pattern through the sedimentation basin allowing for particles to gravity settle out of the water.

Filtration and Finished Water Storage    

Once treated water leaves the sedimentation basin, it enters the filtration building and receives a dose of filter aid; a cationic polymer that aids in the formation of large easily settleable floc particles and helps with the adhesion to the filter media.  Water gravity flows into six “mixed media” filters containing anthracite, sand, gravel and is fed into two 600,000-gallon underground storage reservoirs called “clearwells” for a total of 1.2 million gallons (MG).  As the water flows down through the media the remaining solids becomes entrapped between the particles; the final stage in solids removal.  At routine intervals the filters will be cleaned and captured solids, by the reverse flow of finished water at high velocities, known as “filter backwashing”.

Before entering the clearwell the water is treated with Hydrofluosilicic acid (HFS) for fluoridation purposes and with Sodium Hydroxide; used for the pH adjustment of the finished water.  The finished potable water is then pumped directly to Harrodsburg’s and consecutive water system’s distribution systems for use by the customer at the tap.

Water Quality Monitoring

Continuous laboratory analysis is performed at the Harrodsburg Water Treatment Plant and in the distribution system to ensure that all water treated at our facility exceeds state and federal water quality compliance standards.  Water is tested for turbidity, alkalinity, hardness, fluoride, pH, chlorine disinfectant residual among a multitude of other periodic water quality parameters.


Annual Water Quality Report

**2017 Annual Water Quality Report Coming Soon**


Boil Water Advisories and Public Notices

**None to Report at this time. **


Cold Weather Issues

How to prevent your pipes from freezing.

When the temperature plummets, the risk of pipes freezing goes up. In fact, frozen pipes are one of the most common causes of property damage during frigid weather and can cause thousands in water damage. The pipes that freeze most frequently are those in such unheated interior spaces as basements, attics, and garages. But pipes that run through your cabinets or that are against an exterior wall are also at risk. Here’s some advice from the American Red Cross on how to prevent your pipes from freezing as well as how to thaw them if they do.

How to prevent pipes from freezing
Once the temperature starts dropping outside, you should take measures inside to keep your pipes warm and water running. Some may go against your better instincts of conserving water and heat but the extra expense is nothing compared to a hefty repair bill. Here’s what to do.

  • Keep garage doors closed if there are water supply lines in the garage.
  • Open kitchen and bathroom cabinet doors to allow warmer air to circulate around the plumbing. (If you have small children, be sure to remove any harmful cleaners and household chemicals.)
  • Let the cold water drip from a faucet served by exposed pipes. Running water through the pipe—even at a trickle—helps prevent pipes from freezing.
  • Keep the thermostat set to the same temperature both during the day and at night.
  • If you plan to be away during cold weather, leave the heat on in your home, set to a temperature no lower than 55° F.
  • For the long term, add insulation to attics, basements and crawl spaces. Insulation will maintain higher temperatures in those areas.

How to thaw your pipes
If you turn on a faucet and only a trickle comes out, suspect a frozen pipe. Likely places for frozen pipes include those against exterior walls or where your water service enters your home through the foundation. If the water is still running, you can take the following steps but if you suspect a more serious problem, call a plumber.

  • Keep the faucet open. As you treat the frozen pipe and the frozen area begins to melt, water will begin to flow through the frozen area. Running water through the pipe will help melt ice in the pipe.
  • Apply heat to the section of pipe using an electric heating pad wrapped around the pipe, an electric hair dryer, a portable space heater (kept away from flammable materials), or by wrapping pipes with towels soaked in hot water. Do not use a blowtorch, kerosene or propane heater, charcoal stove, or other open flame device.
  • Apply heat until full water pressure is restored. Check all other faucets in your home to find out if you have additional frozen pipes. If one pipe freezes, others may freeze, too.
  • If you are unable to locate the frozen area, if the frozen area is not accessible, or if you cannot thaw the pipe, call a licensed plumber.

Reference: (Kentucky Rural Water Association, http://www.krwa.org/news/how-to-prevent-your-pipes-from-freezing/)



Harrodsburg Water Treatment Plant

Levi Henderson
Water Plant Superintendent
Class IVA Operator
3025 Shakertown Rd (US HWY 33)
Harrodsburg, KY 40330
(859)-748-5198 x301 (Office)
(859)-748-0525 (Fax)

Kenny Hooper
Water Plant Asst. Superintendent
Class IVA Operator
3025 Shakertown Rd (US HWY 33)
Harrodsburg, KY 40330
(859)-748-5198 x302

Water Treatment Plant Staff

Class IVA Operators
Richard Carter
Layne Hazelwood

Class IIIA Operators
Mark Banks
Duane Baker
Mark Boswell
Mason Moss